Indian Families

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William H. Weaver is sitting; Augustus Bass is standing behind him.  The Weaver family were indentured East Indians (from modern-day India and Pakistan) who were free in Lancaster County by about 1710.  By 1732 they were taxables in Norfolk County and taxable "Mulatto" landowners in nearby Hertford County, North Carolina by 1741. By 1820 there were 164  "free colored" members of the family in Hertford County.  In the 1830s some registered as Nansemond Indians in Norfolk County. Smithsonian Institution, Nansemond Indians, ca. 1900.

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Pamunkey Indian Simeon Collins and his Kent County wife Pinkey (ca. 1899), Smithsonian Institution.

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Lee Major, his wife Sarah Langston Major (a Pamunkey), and their sons: Opitchipan Major (standing), Powhatan Major (seated) and Elston Opechancanough Major, Mattaponi Indians ca. 1900 on the Mattapony River in King William County. I don't know the origin of the Major family.  Perhaps they originated in Accomack County where George Major (6 "other free"), Rosary  Major (7 "other free") and Zorobable Major (3 "other free") were heads of household in St. George Parish in 1800 and 1810.

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One of Lee Major's children, Powhatan Major, as a grown man about 1930, standing on the banks of the Mattaponi River. Photos and details provided by Carl Opechancanough Major:

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Caroline Cook (born December 1840), her son George Major Cook (born October 1860), his wife Theodora Octavia Cook (born May 1863), and their children: Major Thomas (born December 1887), Ottigony Pontiac (born August 1889), George Theo. (born September 1891), Capitola Ulalah (born May 1893), and Coma Deerfoot (born September 1897). Smithsonian Institution Photo no. 880.

This branch of the Cook family were considered Pamunkey Indians. They probably descend from George Cook, born about 1751, a "mulatto" servant who was indentured in Culpeper County.

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Leah Langston (born June 1846), Virginia Allmond (born May 1883), Ellen Allmond (born September 1880), Reverend Alexander Allmond, Pinkey Allmond (born June 1860), and Delliah Allmond (born March 1877). They were considered to be Pamunkey Indians. Smithsonian Institution Photo no. 895.

John M. Langston, born in 1829, a graduate of Oberlin College, was the first African American to hold elective office in the U.S. in 1855. The Allmond family probably descends from Jenny Alman, head of a Gloucester County, Virginia household of 10 "other free" in 1810.

If you have photos of families from the same period or earlier which you are willing to publish on this site, please contact me at