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William Solomon Bibby  (1835-1916) sitting on his front porch in Franklin County, North Carolina in 1898.  He was the grandson of  Solomon Bibby and great-grandson of Mary Bibby and a slave named Charles.   His wife Julia Chavers/ Chavis is at his side, their children and two grandchildren above and below them.   

Back row:  Lena Bibby Mills, William S. Bibby, Jr., Patrick Bibby, Mary Bibby Howell

Front row: Charley Bibby, Willie Arthur Bibby, Percy Bibby, and Dorsey Bibby.

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Narcissa Pettiford Rattley (1829-1914), her husband Jesse Rattley, and her sister Martha Pettiford Rattley.  She was a descendant of the Bass, Bibby, Mitchell, and Pettiford families.  A nineteenth century genealogist, she wrote a letter in 1893 tracing her family history back to her great-grandparents.  Her genealogy can be verified from surviving public records.

Jesse Rattley, a Bibby descendant, was a shoemaker and Ruling Elder of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Church from 1870 to 1872.

The photos are from the family collection of Robert Jackson of Silver Spring, Maryland.

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Dora Lucinda Gowin (Gowen), born 1870 in Pt. Pleasant, West Virginia, and her husband Jubal McPherson Harless.   The Gowen family descend from Michael Gowen a "negro" servant who was free in Virginia in 1657. The photo is from the collection of Donna Schoolfield.

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Major George Beckett and his wife Jane, both born about 1849 in Accomack County, Virginia.  Major was the son of Peter Beckett and great-great-great grandson of a Northampton County, Virginia slave named Peter Beckett who married a white servant woman named Sarah Dawson in 1680. Major also descended from Mary Beavans/ Bibbens, a white servant woman who had children by a slave named Jack who belonged to Edward Scarborough of Accomack County in 1728. The photos are from the collection of William and Carolyn Adams.

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Fannie Adeline Macklin (1828-1908) who married William Pettiford in Stokes County, North Carolina in 1846. In the middle is their oldest child Sarah Elizabeth, wife of George Taylor. On the right is their youngest child, Cornelia Adeline, born 9 September 1868 in Kernersville, North Carolina. Cornelia married Rev. Lewis Burton Gibson of Greensboro, North Carolina on 12 December 1888. The photos are from the collection of Cornelia Gibson.

The Maclin family were free African American members of Bruton Parish, James City County in the 1740s and owned land in Wake County in the eighteenth century. The Pettifords were landowners in Granville County in the 1750s. Fannie and William's son William married Adeline Okey. The Okey family was free in Delaware about 1680 and owned land in Granville County in the eighteenth century. There were also Granville County marriages between Pettifords and Durhams in 1813 and 1822. The Durhams were free in Delaware about 1690.

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Robert Andrew Pinn, born 1817 in Virginia, registered as a "free Negro" in Fredericksburg in 1839. He was the pastor of the Monumental Baptist Church in West Philadelphia from 1869 until his death in 1887.  The Pinn Memorial Church in Philadelphia is named in his honor. He descends from Robert Pinn, born about 1710, an Indian who joined the free African American community of Lancaster County, Virginia.



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      Martha Waters, wife of George W. Leviner, with their daughters. The Leviner family descends from Jean Lovina, a Norfolk County slave, whose master, Major John Nichols, freed her children, John and Sarah, and left them 350 acres of land in Norfolk County, Virginia in 1697. Sarah married William Bass and they were the ancestors of the Bass family of Norfolk County. John's descendants sold their land to the Bass family in 1728 and bought land in Bertie County, North Carolina in 1745.  The Leviners were landowners in Richmond County, North Carolina by 1790.

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Alfred Burdine (sitting left) and his wife Laura Banks-Burdine (sitting center).  Alfred was probably related to David Burdine who was a "free colored" head of a Pendleton District, South Carolina household with one slave in 1820. Laura was the daughter of Nathaniel Banks of Virgina and Jane White Banks of Kentucky. Jane was the the Daughter of Dorcas Hammond-White and the Grandaughter of Charles Hammond who was born about 1780 in North Carolina.

Their children standing from left to right are Nathaniel Burdine, Effie Burdine, Lute Burdine, Amanda Burdine, Elizabeth Bell Burdine, Alfred Burdine; seated on the right is Charles Grandville Burdine and Edie Burdine. The insert picture between the parents is Janet Banks, the sister of Laura Banks-Burdine.

The Banks family descends from Elizabeth Banks, a white servant, who had a child by a slave in York County, Virginia in 1683, and the Hammond family descends from Margaret Hammond, a white servant, who had a child by slave in Northampton County, Virginia in 1689.

If you have photos of families from the same period or earlier which you are willing to publish on this site, please contact me at (substitute @ for AT)

Go to Nineteenth century photos, part 2